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4th of July Reflections on Patriotism, Freedoms

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

The Fourth of July is my favorite holiday. As a kid growing up in Topeka, Kansas, I looked forward to the annual celebration of America’s birth because it usually included all the elements of a perfect day: a baseball game in the morning, an afternoon picnic (featuring my mom’s homemade peach ice cream), and an evening band concert in the park followed by fireworks.

I remember one Fourth of July in particular, the bicentennial year of 1976. The country was still recovering from the Watergate scandal that resulted in President Richard Nixon’s resignation in 1974. Vice President Gerald Ford had been sworn in as president and he was the one who presided over many of the national events that celebrated the 200th anniversary of the founding of our country.

Like every day, July 4, 1976, was a great day to be an American; we had a heckuva party in Topeka. I played trumpet in the Santa Fe Band (the railroad sponsored the band) and we concluded the July 4 concert with a rousing rendition of John Philip Sousa’s “The Stars and Stripes Forever.” That march is, of course, synonymous with the Fourth of July, and I still get chills when I hear the trombones roar into the last stanza and the trumpets stand up and bring it home.

If you were around for the bicentennial (and if you have read this far you probably were), you know that it was a special day in American history, a day when unabashed patriotism and love of country were on full display. American flags flew from most homes, kids marched in neighborhood parades and families took the time to count their blessings for the freedoms and privileges that come with being an American.

I think many people of my generation worry that the Norman Rockwell version of patriotism that we experienced in our youth has gone away, never to return. It seems that the whole notion of patriotism is a little old-fashioned in this self-obsessed age of Twitter and Snapchat.

Or maybe patriotism is alive and well after all. That’s the message I took home from one of the speakers at the CFC Forum, a conference I recently attended in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Forum is sponsored by a cooperative known as CFC (short for National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation), a lender to many electric co-ops. The Forum is an annual conference where speakers from around the country speak on topics ranging from new developments in the electric industry to the economy and global politics.

One of the highlights of the 2018 CFC Forum was the presentation made by Gen. John Allen, formerly the commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan and currently the president of the Brookings Institution. Gen. Allen spoke about the “four plus one construct” that refers to the four countries (China, Iran, North Korea, Russia) and the extremist jihadi network that are destabilizing influences around the world. Allen explained in great detail how these states and organizations threaten the security of the United States and other countries.

But despite these threats, Allen remained optimistic about the state of U.S. national security. Why? Because “of the magnificent young men and women who volunteer to serve in the armed forces.”

Allen pointed out that, although today’s military is comprised of young men and women of incredibly diverse religious and ethnic backgrounds, there is one common denominator among the troops: their complete devotion to America and what it stands for.

So, on this Fourth of July I hope you and yours enjoy great food, fun and fireworks. Just remember that your ability to do so is a gift from those magnificent young soldiers who are stationed around the world, defending our freedoms.

Is 100% Renewable Energy a Promise for Today or a Goal for the Future?

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

It hardly seems possible, but we are gearing up for yet another political season. In Colorado, candidates are positioning themselves for the primaries this month and the general election that will follow in November. The ads have already begun to pop up on television and social media, and I’ve heard more than one candidate promise “100 percent renewable energy” if elected.

As you probably know, one of the functions of the Colorado Rural Electric Association is to protect the interests of Colorado’s electric cooperatives in the political arena. We keep a close eye on the elections since the winners in the state legislative races, as well as the governor’s race, will have an important role in determining the future of energy policy in Colorado. Those energy policy decisions, in turn, will likely impact how electric co-ops deliver electricity to rural Colorado and how much it will cost.

Electric co-ops have a straightforward mission as local, community-focused electric utilities: We strive to provide the safest, most reliable, most affordable electricity that we can to over 70 percent of the land mass of Colorado. The cooperative business model has been extremely successful in meeting these goals for over 80 years, even though our service territories are sparsely populated.

We understand that today, providing safe, reliable and affordable electricity is not enough. We also strive to generate and distribute electricity in an environmentally-responsible manner, and that objective is often included in the mission statements of co-ops around the state. To that end, co-ops have spent many millions of dollars over the last couple of decades retrofitting power plants and diversifying our power supply portfolios to reduce emissions and protect the environment.

While those investments in pollution control equipment dramatically reduced the amount of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and particulates that are emitted from power plants, the plants that use coal and natural gas to generate electricity continue to emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Some candidates believe that electric utilities, including electric co-ops, should shut down all power plants that use fossil fuels now. They argue that the power from those plants can be replaced by “100 percent renewable energy.”

Electric co-ops support adding more renewable energy to our power portfolios. We have used renewable hydropower to generate electricity for decades. As the price of electricity generated from wind and solar resources comes down, co-ops are integrating more and more of these resources into their power supply mix.

There are a multitude of co-op projects around Colorado that add renewable resources each year. These projects include community solar gardens, utility-scale solar farms, net-metered rooftop solar, micro-hydro power plants, small- and large-scale wind farms, landfill and coal mine methane recovery facilities, biomass and more. Colorado’s electric co-ops are continually developing innovative ways to generate electricity with fewer carbon emissions.

That said, our most important responsibility is to keep the lights on for co-op member-consumers 24/7/365. That’s right: 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year, we’re balancing a complex system of power plants and distribution systems to make sure you have electricity whenever you need it.

Can we accomplish this with nothing but wind and solar power? The simple answer is that we can’t today. As much as we support renewable energy, it’s still intermittent. Battery technology is moving ahead by leaps and bounds and may soon provide a cost-effective complement to intermittent renewables, but for now we have to continue to use power plant technology that provides electricity on a constant basis that is predictable and dispatchable. That means producing electricity not only from renewables, but also from power plants that run on fossil fuels.

I suspect most of the candidates running on a platform of “100 percent renewable energy” say that in the context of an aspirational goal. That’s fine, but the reality is that everyone needs affordable and reliable electricity 24/7/365 and we have to use the tools we have available today to make that happen.

But we’re not done. Colorado’s electric co-ops will continue to innovate and incorporate more renewable resources into our power supply mix. We’re committed to keeping the lights on in the most reliable, affordable and responsible manner possible.

Colorado Co-op Representatives Take Electric Co-op Message to Congress

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

It’s hard to imagine a better time to be in Washington, D.C., than during cherry blossom season.

This year, the annual legislative conference hosted by our national trade group, the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, brought Colorado electric co-op representatives to D.C. in time for the annual pink and white spectacle. The Yoshino cherry trees around the Tidal Basin near the Jefferson Memorial and on the grounds of the U.S. Capitol were in full bloom and provided a spark of hope in the midst of the contentious political atmosphere that dominates the city.

While we were in Washington, the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Paul Ryan (R-Wisconsin), announced that he would not be seeking reelection to his congressional seat this fall, therefore giving up the speakership. This is one more indication that our country’s two major political parties are further apart than ever and, even within the major parties, there are factions that make legislative compromises hard to reach.

But, despite the divisive political atmosphere, there are issues that receive bipartisan support. One area of agreement for a majority of those elected to Congress, including the entire Colorado delegation, is the value of the electric cooperative program and the need to support that program in various legislative proposals. When we visited Washington, we discussed a number of these issues as we met with Colorado’s senators and representatives.

Our first request involved funding for the electric co-op loan program. The recent budget agreement provides adequate funding for electric co-ops and our “ask” during the legislative rally was for Congress to continue that funding through 2019. Building and maintaining the facilities needed to provide power in rural America is expensive. Since co-ops don’t have access to a tax base and can’t sell bonds like other utilities, it helps to have access to loans from the government. And electric co-op loans are beneficial to the government, since the co-ops repay these loans with interest. This is one program that adds to the government coffers.

We also asked our congressional delegation to support several ongoing co-op programs as a part of a comprehensive farm bill being negotiated. The Rural Energy for America Program, the Rural Economic Development Loan and Grant Program and the Rural Energy Savings Program are all programs that enable co-ops to assist their members and rural communities. We asked our delegation to support these programs.

A second issue that we brought up with our delegation involved funding for rural broadband to assist those co-ops that want to provide broadband in their communities. We were successful in the state legislature this year in making funds available for rural broadband. Additional federal support of rural broadband could help some of these projects.

Finally, we asked our delegation to oppose any plans to sell the transmission assets of the power marketing administrations, or PMAs, that currently sell their electricity to co-ops and other public power utilities.

Co-ops and other “preference power” customers paid the costs of operating the federal dams and power generating stations for decades and should continue to receive the benefits of those resources. We asked that the PMAs continue to sell their power to existing customers at cost-based rates, which will help maintain stable rates for all of Colorado’s co-op members.

It was good to find issues that can be solved as we all work together, no matter what our political leanings are. When I’m in Washington, I like to take a morning run around the Capitol building, past the Supreme Court and the Library of Congress, down the National Mall past the Washington Monument and the World War II Memorial and on down to the Lincoln Memorial. I always make it a point to run up the steps of the Lincoln Memorial and read the Gettysburg Address on the south wall of the memorial and Abraham Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address on the north wall.

In the Second Inaugural Address, President Lincoln could see that the Civil War was finally coming to an end, and he knew there would be a postwar need for reconciliation between the north and the south. While our challenges today pale in comparison to the challenges of 1865, Lincoln’s suggestion that we act “with malice toward none and with charity for all” remains good advice for contemporary politicians.

We can find ways to come together, even if it is only to agree that the cherry blossoms are spectacular.

Co-ops Test New Technologies for Renewable Resources

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

It’s been said that if Alexander Graham Bell were to pick up one of the devices that we all use today to make phone calls, he would not know how to use it. On the other hand, if Thomas Edison examined a typical 21st century central station power plant, he would be completely familiar with its operation. That’s because, while the 21st century brought a revolution in telephones, the remaking of the power industry is taking more time.

The tried-and-true power plant model — a large central station power generator produces electricity, the electrons are transmitted over high-voltage lines to local communities and the power is then distributed to homes and businesses — has worked extremely well for decades. We are so used to having on-demand electricity that it’s easy to forget that our electric grid is an amazingly complicated machine. Back in 2008, the National Academy of Engineering concluded that the electricity grid was the most significant engineering achievement of the 20th century.

The grid consists of many individual elements synchronized by a lot of people, such as the staff at your electric co-op, who work around the clock to provide electricity at the precise moment you need it. Since electricity, for the most part, cannot be stored, the grid has to provide a perfect balance of supply and demand every hour of the day.

But in the words of the Greek philosopher Heraclitus, “The only thing that is constant is change.” Just as technology is transforming traditional modes of communication, transportation, computing and other essential elements of our modern world, it is also changing how electricity is generated, distributed and, yes, stored.

The notion of storing electricity has been the Holy Grail of the electric utility industry for a long time. Many different methods were tried including compressed air, pumped hydropower (pumping water uphill at off-peak times and releasing it through a turbine to create energy during peak periods), flywheels and batteries. While none of these technologies is perfect, recent developments in battery chemistry and production scale resulted in the emergence of the lithium-ion battery as the current favorite for both automotive and utility applications.

Electric co-ops are at the forefront of exploring how batteries can be deployed to provide benefits for co-op member-owners. United Power, a member of the Colorado Rural Electric Association headquartered in Brighton, will soon be testing a utility-scale battery system. The co-op is partnering with SoCore Energy and Tesla to install a 4-megawatt, 4-hour lithium-ion battery as part of its electric distribution system. This means that once the battery is fully charged, it can be discharged to provide electricity at a time chosen by United Power, and it can produce up to 16 megawatt-hours of energy with one charge.

The battery will enable United Power to reduce its demand from its power supplier for short periods of time, potentially avoiding system peaks and saving money for its members. However, this “peak shaving” is only one of many potential benefits of a battery system. In other situations, co-ops and other electric utilities may use batteries for voltage support in parts of their distribution systems that need reliability improvements. Batteries may also be paired with renewable generation sources, such as wind generators or solar arrays, to firm up the intermittent renewable energy.

As Colorado’s electric co-ops continue to innovate in the fast-changing world of electricity production, the United Power battery project is just one example of co-op ingenuity. The project will provide an interesting case study and co-ops across the state will have access to the data collected from United Power’s pioneering effort.

This is one more way co-ops look toward the future, exploring the possibilities of new, cost-efficient technologies. But remember, while planning for the future and changes to come, electric co-ops must also provide affordable power to you today. Some may want us to move faster, but we take our duty to distribute reliable, affordable electricity seriously, just as seriously as we take our responsibility to be innovative and to utilize the latest technologies that work for our members.

While we keep the lights on today, we are also working toward the day when we can “bring on the batteries.”

2018 CREA Annual Meeting Highlights

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

Representatives from each of Colorado’s 22 electric distribution co-ops and their power supply co-op, Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, meet in Denver every year for the Colorado Rural Electric Association Annual Meeting. We hold this meeting during the legislative session so that our members can meet with their representatives in the Colorado General Assembly, and we surround those legislative meetings with lots of educational opportunities, speakers and updates on the activities of our trade association.

This year’s February 10-13 annual meeting was a high-energy event featuring discussions about Colorado’s energy landscape and how electric co-ops fit into that picture. In fact, the theme of this year’s Annual Meeting was “Powering Colorado’s Future,” because there is no doubt that electric co-ops will be key players in providing reliable and affordable power across Colorado for many years to come.

Of course, the electricity industry is evolving and we brought in a variety of speakers to talk about some of those changes. Experts from the Colorado School of Mines and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory provided an update on battery storage technology, and we also heard from the CEOs of the state’s two largest utilities, Tri-State and Xcel Energy, with respect to their plans for future power supply.

At this year’s meeting, I was amazed to hear about the variety of renewable energy, energy efficiency and other projects that are under way in co-op service territories. Projects included largescale solar arrays, battery storage, small hydropower, automated metering and more. Colorado’s electric co-ops are fully engaged and aware of the new developments in the electric industry, and they are deploying these new technologies and programs at a pace that makes sense for their specific co-op.

Our meetings with state legislators also went well. Almost a quarter of all the legislators in the General Assembly attended our legislative reception, and our Co-op Day at the Capitol speakers included Sen. Don Coram (R), House Majority Leader K.C. Becker (D), Rep. Jeni Arndt (D), and Rep. Jim Wilson (R). We have been working hard on a bill to help provide broadband service to unserved parts of rural Colorado, and we appreciate the efforts of all the legislators who have supported that goal.

One of our main messages to the legislators was that every co-op in Colorado is unique, and one-size-fits-all policies usually don’t work well for co-ops. Each year bills are introduced in the legislature that mandate our power supply choices, and we generally don’t support those bills because we believe our locally-elected boards understand our facilities and individual circumstances much better than the legislature.

In addition to legislative discussions, we also heard a safety update from Phil Irwin, the CEO of Federated Rural Electric Insurance Exchange, along with our own Director of Safety and Loss Control Dale Kishbaugh. Although Dale has been on the job for less than a year, he has brought a new focus and energy to CREA’s safety programs that is much appreciated by our members. Dale and Phil talked about the encouraging trend of fewer accidents in the co-op family, but expressed concern that too many serious accidents are still occurring around the country. We’ll continue to do everything we can to help your co-op line crews and office staff avoid on-the-job injuries.

Being a director on the board of an electric co-op requires an understanding of a lot of complex issues, from power supply to accounting to legal matters. CREA provides training courses at the annual meeting that enable Colorado co-op directors to achieve various certification levels established by the national trade association, the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. For the first time, 80 percent of Colorado’s electric co-op directors are now accredited as Credentialed Cooperative Directors, and many have also received their Director Leadership or Director Gold certification. By providing these courses in Colorado, CREA saves members a great deal of money on registration fees and travel expenses that they would incur if they had to travel out of state to take the training.

While our annual meeting is mostly business, we also had a little fun. At our awards banquet, we were entertained by a musician and comedian by the name of Joe Stoddard. Joe is a tremendous guitar player and singer who, among other talents, does a unique impression of Bob Dylan (you’ll have to see his show to see what I mean). For me, the highlight of Joe’s show was when the co-op folks joined in on the chorus of John Denver’s “Take Me Home, Country Roads.” Turns out I’m not the only “singer” in the group!

How Community Solar Gardens Help Low-Income Members

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

At total of 380 low-income electric coop members are enjoying the benefits of solar power this winter, thanks to Colorado’s electric co-ops, a nonprofit called GRID Alternatives and the Colorado Energy Office.

These three entities collaborated on several community solar gardens that specifically benefit income-challenged co-op members. With the 2017 completion of the last of these projects under a $1.2 million CEO grant, CEO released a comprehensive report that describes the details of the projects and the successful partnerships that made it all possible. All told, the community solar gardens expect to trim the electric bills of co-op consumers by $145,160 in the first year of the program and by more than $3 million over the life of the projects.

The community solar model in Colorado was initiated back in 2009 when United Power in Brighton introduced its Sol Power program. The first-of-its-kind program allows United’s customers to lease individual solar panels from large solar photovoltaic arrays and receive credit for the power generated from those panels. This arrangement allows utility customers who either cannot afford a large residential system or who live in condos or townhomes to take advantage of renewable energy without having to make a large capital investment or having to maintain the system. The larger arrays are also more cost effective in general when compared to smaller arrays installed on homes.

Community solar in Colorado got another boost in 2010 when a company called Clean Energy Collective partnered with Holy Cross Energy (Glenwood Springs) in the Roaring Fork Valley to establish its first community solar project near El Jebel. That 340-panel project was quickly fully subscribed, and Holy Cross and Clean Energy Collective added another 1-megawatt project at the Garfield County Airport a few years later. Clean Energy Collective has now built dozens of community solar projects across the United States.

In 2015, Grand Valley Power (Grand Junction) continued the community solar movement, but with a new approach. Grand Valley worked with GRID Alternatives, a nonprofit focused on providing solar power to low-income utility consumers to help ease the burden of their energy bills. Grand Valley was the first co-op in the country to identify customers who needed a hand paying their utility bills and to allow those customers to offset their energy usage with power generated from centrally-located solar arrays. This community solar model provides a short-term “hand up” to those who need it, and it allows more co-op member-owners to benefit from the solar installation.

After the successful Grand Valley Power program, GRID Alternatives received a grant of $1.2 million from CEO to launch the “Demonstration Project.” The project included additional community solar gardens at six more electric co-ops: Delta-Montrose Electric Association in Montrose, Empire Electric Association in Cortez, Holy Cross Energy in Glenwood Springs, Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association in Fort Collins, San Miguel Power Association in Ridgway and Yampa Valley Electric Association in Steamboat Springs. Over the last two years, these co-ops worked with GRID Alternatives and CEO to install nearly 1.5 MW of solar capacity in 19 different counties in Colorado. These projects have allowed low-income co-op consumers to get a break on their utility bills, and they have helped integrate more renewable energy into rural areas.

But while the benefit for co-op customers is clear, why would electric co-ops voluntarily sign up for a program that results in fewer sales of the one product they sell? Yes, it’s true that the community solar gardens helped the co-ops comply with their renewable energy requirements under state law and their individual co-op targets. It’s also true that the projects enabled the co-ops to get more hands-on experience with solar power and they helped co-ops diversify their power supply.

But the main reason co-ops got involved in this project is the fact that co-ops are nonprofit, member-owned electric utilities. They don’t have an incentive to make money for shareholders such as insurance companies or hedge funds. Co-ops are in this business to provide members with the most affordable, reliable and environmentally-sustainable power possible, but we’re also in it to serve our communities. In some cases that means trying to find creative ways to support those who are having a hard time paying their power bills. The CEO-GRID Alternatives program increased the accessibility of solar to more than just the co-op members in middle to upper income households.

Diane Johnson, CEO of Yampa Valley Electric Association, summed up the program: “YVEA is proud to help develop a renewable project that touches so many people. We expect that many ‘right’ answers exist for the future of energy, and we expect to embrace varied and innovative fuel choices.”

These new community solar gardens that focus on a specific set of members are just one of those choices.

Colorado Co-op Brands are in Every Part of Life

By Kent Singer, CREA Executive Director

There’s a great tradition in the electric co-op program where co-op member-owners have a chance to attend the annual meeting to get an update on the latest news from the co-op. While most co-op members attend the annual meeting to listen carefully to the important reports from the co-op’s accounting, engineering and legal departments regarding the activities of the co-op, in a few cases I suspect that folks attend for the free meal and the door prizes.

Part of my job at the Colorado Rural Electric Association involves attending as many of these annual co-op meetings as possible. When I do, I’m usually treated like a member and I leave the meeting not only with a lot of good information but also with the same parting gift that goes to co-op members. This means that over the years I accumulated a vast collection of useful co-op branded items that enabled me to (with apologies to Ricky Martin) live “La Vida Co-op.”

How so? Well, every morning I’m awakened by the jingle of my Southeast Colorado Power Association alarm clock and weather station. This thing not only has an alarm clock, it also tells me the temperature and barometric pressure outside so I know whether I’ll need a jacket to walk Ella (our border collie).

When I get out of bed, I leave the lights off so as not to disturb my sleeping bride, but I’m able to avoid stumbling on my way to the kitchen because our hallway and bathrooms are lit with nightlights from Intermountain Rural Electric Association. After a quick drink of water from my K.C. Electric Association cup, I’m ready to slip on my San Isabel Electric Association jean jacket and San Luis Valley Rural Electric Cooperative baseball cap and head out for my morning walk.

After the walk (in winter months I use my Delta-Montrose Electric Association flashlight to see where we’re going), I turn on our United Power LED kitchen lights. I then pull out a knife from my Highline Electric Association cutlery set and slice some bananas to put on my oatmeal. Sometimes I use my Holy Cross Energy ice cream scoop to add a little extra nutrition to my morning kale smoothie. (Just kidding, I would never ruin a smoothie with kale.)

I often make a to-do list for the day using my Empire Electric Association pen on my Yampa Valley Electric Association notepad. After reading the morning newspaper, I may use my Y-W Electric Association scissors to clip relevant articles to take to work. I pack up the articles and to-do list in my La Plata Electric Association portfolio and head to work.

On weekends, the “Livin’ La Vida Co-op” lifestyle really gets amped up. For winter Broncos games, we fill up our Mountain View Electric Association thermos with hot chocolate and sit on our San Isabel Electric Association stadium seats with our San Miguel Power Association and Grand Valley Power blankets pulled around us for warmth. On really cold Sundays, I put on my Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association parka over my CREA fleece pullover (as far as I know, no co-op has yet put its logo on long johns).

In the summer, we take our Poudre Valley Rural Electric Association insulated picnic basket to concerts in the park after filling it with cheese sliced on my White River Electric Association cutting board and vegetables peeled with my Highline Electric Association vegetable peeler. Sometimes I tee up at the golf course with my Mountain Parks Electric golf balls. After the round, I come home and put on my Morgan County Rural Electric Association chef’s apron (complete with bottle opener and beverage holder) and pull out my Southeast Colorado Power Association grilling tools to turn the steaks. Dinner on the back porch is illuminated with my Gunnison County Electric Association solar-powered camp light.

Of course, “Livin’ La Vida Co-op” is about much more than the free gifts provided at co-op annual meetings. It’s really about the great service and value provided by Colorado’s electric co-ops that work tirelessly to keep your lights on and make your communities a better place to work and live. To that, I hope you will agree: “Viva Colorado’s Electric Co-ops!”